Positive interdependence and Cooperative Learning
Many exponents of cooperative learning, including David, Roger Johnson and Edythe Holubec, Spencer Kagan, Robert Slavin, Shlomo and Yael Sharan, and in Italy Mario Comoglio, hold that for group work to be successful, it is very important to consider in what way positive interdependence has been thought out and structured.
The presence of positive interdependence means students are more involved and cooperative. It sounds easy, and in training courses teachers are told to think of activities in which the final goal is reached only when each member of the work or study group contributes. My experience as a teacher and teacher trainer has taught me that things are much more complicated in the classroom. It’s more difficult to combine school objectives and curricula work with the creation of a real and effective interdependence. The aim of this article is to help teachers who would like to transform their groups of students into truly interdependent groups. It is based on the work of experts, and adds some practical hints by someone who works in a classroom every day. read all article
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